Muslim Villa

Category 5 => Commentary / Tafsir of specific Quranic Verses or Quran topics with detailed discussions => Topic started by: Heba E. Husseyn on November 09, 2017, 04:50:51 am



Title: Did Allah create man of clay or a combination of substances?
Post by: Heba E. Husseyn on November 09, 2017, 04:50:51 am
 BismEm


In a nutshell, man is surely made of clay which is prepared or adjusted in phases or stages.  Now let me analyze this statement with direct Quranic references. 

"Indeed, (the) likeness (of) Essa before Allah (is) like (the) likeness (of) Adam.  He created him from dust then He said to him, "Be," and he was."  (3:59).

dust = turabin in original Arabic Quran.

Commentators explain that the dust was then combined with water to form clay, reference Verse 6:2.

“He (is) the One Who created you from clay then He decreed a term - and a term specified with Him, yet you doubt.”  [al-An’aam 6:2].   

This clay was sticky – or one could interpret as viscous – reference Verse 37:11.

“Indeed, We created them from a clay sticky.” [al-Saaffaat 37:11].   The Arabic words in the Quran are "tinin lazibin" = 'a clay sticky."

Traditionalists explain that the word lazibin (sticky) comes from the root lazuba which has the meaning of becoming sticky and solid.

Highlighting some expressions that allude to clay in different forms.

"black mud altered" as in Verse 15:26 - "We created humankind of sounding clay from black mud altered."   Sounding clay in the Quran original Arabic "salsalin" means dried clay.  Black mud altered likely refers to sticky clay which is an alteration from dust in the process of creation of mankind.  "hama-in" means 'black mud.'   "masnunin" means 'altered.'

The quality of "salsalin" is practically considered to be very dry that rattles or clatters like pottery.  Or, when pottery is made, it's quality of clay can be called "salsalin."  This notion would conform with Verse 55:14 of Surah Ar-Rehman:   "He created the man from clay like the pottery."  (55:14).

All of the above expressions are to be perceived as the different stages of formation of mud in the process of creation of humankind.  Or, when Allah created man, He made that creation pass through different stages comprising of the various formations of mud.   According to commentators this refers to the creation of Adam.   Then afterwards, when the descendants of Adam began to multiply,  they were created through water which alludes to sperm or body fluid.  This explanation is to an extent supported by Verse 25:54  and 32:8-9, "And He (is) the One who has created from the water human being and has made (for) him blood relationship and marriage relationship."

" .. and He began creation (of) man from clay.  Then He made his progeny from an extract of water despised.  The He fashioned him and breathed into him from His spirit and made for you the hearing and the sight and feelings;"  (32:8-9).

However, I also think that the Quranic reference of humans created from water may have a double meaning, that is, descendants of Adam created by sperm (metaphorically referred as water) and also a direct reference to water as an indispensable requirement for human survival.

Furthermore, it's also clear from Verse 6:2 Surah Al-Anam that not only Adam but all his descendants comprise of clay as the foundation or core of their existence.  Quoting Verse 6:2 again:  "He (is) the One Who created you from clay then He decreed a term - and a term specified with Him, yet you doubt."  This Verse points to all mankind confirming creation of humankind with clay and duration of their lifespan ordained by The Almighty.


Title: Re: Did Allah create man of clay or a combination of substances?
Post by: Ruhi_Rose on November 10, 2017, 08:27:32 am
Salams and peace.  Thank you me Sis.  This is so well elucidated and useful particularly for those who perceive little and tend to get confused. 

Would like your opinion on a query.  What about animals?  Are they also created of clay and its process of alteration as in the case of humans?  I know Allah does not specify this in the Quran .... I'm just looking for opinions.   Allah Almighty says in Verse 6:38 "And there is no creature on the earth or bird that flies with its wings except [that they are] communities like you. We have not neglected in the Register a thing. Then unto their Rab they will be gathered."  From this Verse we are informed to two things:
1) Animals are the creation of Allah Almighty as are humans.
2) Animals will also be gathered before Him on the Day of Resurrection.

What we do not know is whether or not animals are made of the same clay substance as humans. 

Allah bless.


Title: Re: Did Allah create man of clay or a combination of substances?
Post by: Heba E. Husseyn on November 10, 2017, 10:33:54 am
Walaikum As-Salam dear Sis.  Thanks for your appreciation and the good query.  You're right.  The Quran does not confirm in so many words that animals are made of clay like humans.  Maybe they are but only Allah knows for certain.  What we do know is that when animals die, they too get disposed off in the earth much the same way as humans.  If you have a pet, and the pet dies, you bury that pet and the process of the animal's physical remains mingling with the earth is, from what I know, similar to the mingling of human remains in the earth.  But what precisely might be the composition of the creation of animals can be confirmed only by Allah.  And as you rightly quoted Verse 6:38 which confirms that animals will also be present on the Day of Judgment, alludes that like humans, animals will also be resurrected and therefore obviously they too have souls like humans.  Furthermore, from the guidelines of the Quran we also know that as lower species who do not have the capacity to choose their path of conduct, animals will not be questioned about their conduct like humans.  And the Quran confirms that animals worship Allah alone, which means that they are completely into obedience.  Following Verses assert all of His creation including animals worship HIM alone.

"Seek they other than the religion of Allah, when unto Him submits whosoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and unto Him they will be returned."  3:83.

"Have you not seen that Allah, He it is Whom all who are in the heavens and the earth praise, and the birds in their flight?  Of each He knows verily the worship and the praise; and Allah is Aware of what they do."  24:41.

"Have you not seen that unto Allah pays adoration whosoever is in the heavens and whosoever is in the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the hills, and the trees, and the beasts, and many of mankind, while there are many unto whom the doom is justly due."  22:18.


The last sentence of the above Verse which I've underlined refers to the disobedient humans.

"The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein praise Him, and there is not a thing but hymns His praise; but ye understand not their praise." 17:44.

The last sentence of the above Verse which I've underlined manifests the fact that every creation of Allah Almighty have their own manner or language to praising or worshiping HIM.  As humans, we only understand our own method in which we praise and worship HIM. 

May Allah bless us with the Great Quran and make us benefit from its lovely, educative and comforting Verses packed with the wisest of words. We seek forgiveness of Allah for ourselves and for all sincere submitters who submit to Him alone.  We seek forgiveness for their sins they may have committed and then repented.   Ask Allah for forgiveness.


Title: Re: Did Allah create man of clay or a combination of substances?
Post by: Zeynab on November 10, 2017, 12:21:33 pm
Wonderfully informative thread.