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Jinn in the Noble Quran


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Author Topic: Jinn in the Noble Quran  (Read 1397 times)
Zeynab
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« on: August 15, 2008, 04:54:16 am »

 BismEm


Sister Ruhi's post on the difference between jinn and ghost prompted me to write a complete piece giving information on the Jinn in accordance with the Noble Quraan.  It is a very important topic.

Since 'Jinn' is suitable for the category of the paranormal, I decided to put it on this board with a link in the Quraan board.

To begin, let's be very clear about one thing.  The existence of Jinn is NOT a myth or legend as presumed according to modern concepts.  The existense of Jinn is very REAL, just as much as the existence of humans.

In the Quran there is a Surah titled 'Al-Jinn."  Allah has provided us with many essential information in this Surah (mainly verses 72:1-15).  Many other Surahs also contain mention of the Jinn about various matters. 

The Noble Quran mentions that Jinn are created from smokeless fire while human beings are created from clay.  Like humans, Jinn too are entrusted with responibilities.  They are also commanded to worship none but Allah.  They too will be rewarded for their righteousness and will be punished for their wickedness.
 
"He created man of clay like the potter's,
And the jinn did He create of smokeless fire."  (55:14-15)
 
"I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship Me."  (51:56)


The Noble Quran states that the earth / universe consists of the following creations.
 
1. Angels
2. Jinns made of smokeless fire (or elemental fire)
3. Humans made of clay
4. Animals, birds, fishes, reptiles, insects.  Since the Quran hasn't specified their origin as in the above mentioned creations, I won't speculate on that.  However, I would presume that animals, birds etc. are also of clay.
 
Jinn are an older creation than humans as stated in Verse 15:26-27 of Surah 'Al-Hijr.'  And although Jinn are invisible to the human eye, Jinn can see humans as clarified in Verse 7:27 of Surah 'Al-Araf.'  More on these later in this post.

"Verily We created man of potter's clay of black mud altered,
And the jinn did We create aforetime of essential fire."  (15:26-27)


It must be remembered that Iblis (Satan) is a Jinn and not an Angel. The concept of the Devil being a fallen Angel is from Christianity and not from Islam.
 
"And (remember) when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, and they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He was of the jinn, so he rebelled against his Lord's command. Will ye choose him and his seed for your protecting friends instead of Me, when they are an enemy unto you ? Calamitous is the exchange for evil-doers." (18:50) Al-Kahf

Quoting Abdullah Yusuf Ali:
 
"Jinns: who are they?  In Surah 18:50 we are told that Iblis was one of the Jinn, and that was why he disobeyed the Command of Allah. But in that passage and other similar passages, we are told that Allah commanded the Angels to bow down to Adam, and they obeyed except Iblis. That also implies that Iblis had been of the company of Angels, but Iblis is of the Jinn. In many passages Jinn and men are spoken of together. In Surah 55:14-15, humans are stated to have been created from clay, while Jinns from a flame of fire. The root meaning of junna, yujannu, is "to be covered or hidden", and janna yajunnu, in the active voice, "to cover or hide."  Some people say that Jinn therefore means the hidden qualities or capacities in man; others that it means wild or jungle folk hidden in the hills or forests. I do not wish to be dogmatic, but I think, from a collation and study of the Quranic passages, that the meaning is simply "a spirit", or an invisible or hidden force.  In folklore stories and romances like the Arabian Nights they become personified into fantastic forms, but with them we are not concerned.  The Quran describes the Jinn as a definite species of living beings. They are created out of fire and like humans, may believe or disbelieve, accept or reject guidance. The authoritative Islamic texts show that they are not merely a hidden force, or a spirit. They are personalized beings who enjoy a certain amount of free will and thus will be called to account -- Surah 6:130"
 
Unuote:

The ayaats mentioned in Yusuf Ali's tafsir above are quoted as follows:
 
"And (remember) when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before Adam, and they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He was of the jinn, so he rebelled against his Lord's command. Will ye choose him and his seed for your protecting friends instead of Me, when they are an enemy unto you ? Calamitous is the exchange for evil-doers."  (18:50)
 
"He created man of clay like the potter's,
And the jinn did He create of smokeless fire."  (55:14-15)
 
"O ye assembly of the jinn and humankind! Came there not unto you messengers of your own who recounted unto you My tokens and warned you of the meeting of this your Day ? They will say: We testify against ourselves. And the life of the world beguiled them. And they testify against themselves that they were disbelievers."  (6:130)


Now, in our discussion of Jinn, let's focus on Verse 6:100 (Surah Al-Anam).
 
"Yet they ascribe as partners unto Him the jinn, although He did create them, and impute falsely, without knowledge, sons and daughters unto Him. Glorified be He and High Exalted above (all) that they ascribe (unto Him)."   (6:100)

The above verse points out the grave blunder of people who presume Jinn to be partners of Allah or His equal.  It also mentions the huge mistake of those ignorant people who associate sons and daughters to Allah.   
 
Some people interpret this Verse about Jinn that due to the deceitful nature of some Jinn, one of their tricks is to seduce humans into thinking that Jinn are equal with Allah.  Therefore, the Noble Quran emphasizes over and over again that there is only One Allah and none else is worthy of worship except Him alone. 

The information in Verses 46:29-31 on Jinn is interesting. 
 
"And when We inclined toward thee (Muhammad) certain of the jinn, who wished to hear the Qur'an and, when they were in its presence, said: Give ear! and, when it was finished, turned back to their people, warning.
 
They said: O our people! Lo! we have heard a scripture which hath been revealed after Moses, confirming that which was before it, guiding unto the truth and a right road.
 
O our people! respond to Allah's summoner and believe in Him. He will forgive you some of your sins and guard you from a painful doom."   (46:29:31)


These above verses mention about those Jinn who were eager to listen to the reading of the Quran recited by the Prophet (pbuh).  They also went and told their community of other Jinn about it.   Thus, with reference to the above verses 46:29-31 and also as per verse 51:56 quoted at the beginning of this post, Jinn are subject to the teachings of the Quran as are humans.  And they will be held accountable for their actions/deeds just like humans. 

Syed Abu-Ala' Maududi's elucidation on Jinn in the Quran is also articulate and informative, containing really good explanations on this topic.  I quote Syed Maududi as follows.  I am also putting a link to the Noble Quraan for your immediate references (if you want to check) because Maududi's tafsir only mentions the Surah and Verse numbers.

Quoting Syed Maududi: 
 
"Al-Jinn is the name of this Surah (Surah 72, "Al-Jinn")  as well as the title of its subject matter.  This Surah mentions the event of the Jinn hearing the Qur'an and returning to their people to preach Islam to them. 
 
Many people of the modern times are involved in the misunderstanding that the jinn are not real but only a figment of the ancient superstition and myths.  This opinion is based on the limited knowledge that they have acquired or discovered about the universe.  On the basis of their very limited knowledge of the unseen they have not found any evidence of Jinn.  Thus they think Jinn don't exist.  They cannot claim to possess any such knowledge either. But they have assumed without reason and proof that nothing exists in the universe except what they can see whereas the sphere of human perceptions as against the vastness of this great universe is not even comparable to a drop of water in the ocean.  The person who thinks that whatever he does not perceive does not exist and what exists must necessarily be perceived in fact provides a proof of his own limited and shallow mind. 
 
Then again, those Muslims who have been influenced by modernism but cannot deny the Qur'an either have given strange interpretations of the clear statements of the Qur'an about the jinn Iblis or Satan.  They say that Jinn does not refer to any hidden creation which may have its own independent existence but it sometimes refers to man's own animal forces which have been called Satan and sometimes it implies savage and wild mountain tribes and sometimes the people who used to listen to the Qur'an secretly. But the statements of the Qur'an in this regard are so clear and explicit that these interpretations bear no relevance whatsoever. The Qur'an frequently mentions the Jinn and the humans in a manner as to clearly indicate that they are two separate creations.  For this check the following Surahs:
 
-  Al-Araf (7:38)
- Al-Ahqaf (46:18)
- Ad-Dhariyat (51:56) [already quoted in this post].
- and the entire sura Ar-Rahman which bears such clear evidence that it leaves no room to consider or even guess the Jinn to be the same as human species.
 
In Surahs 7:12 (Al-Araf),  15:26-27 (Al-Hijr) and 55:14-15 (Ar-Rehman) it has been expressly stated that man was created out of clay and jinn out of fire.
 
In Surah 15:27 (Al Hijr) it has been said that the jinn had been created before man. The same thing is testified by the story of Adam and Iblis which has been told at seven different places in the Qur'an and at every place it confirms that Iblis was already there at the creation of man.
 
Moreover in Surah 'Al-Kahf' 18:50 it has been stated that Iblis belonged to the Jinn.
 
In Surah 7:27 ('Al-Araf') it has been stated that Satan and "his tribe" can see humans but human beings cannot see them. (Satan is of the jinn and "his tribe" apparently refers to other jinn).
 
In Surahs 15:16-18 (Al-Hijr),  37:6-10 (As- Saaffat) and 67:5 (Al-Mulk) it has been said that although the jinn can ascend to the heavens they cannot exceed a certain limit; if they try to ascend beyond that limit and try to hear what's happening in the heavens, they are not allowed to do so and if they try to eavesdrop they are driven away by meteorites. By this, the belief of the polytheistic Arabs that the jinn possess the knowledge of the unseen or have access to Divine secrets has been refuted.
 
The same error has also been refuted in 34:14 (Saba), 2:30-34 (Al-Baqarah) and 18:50 (Al- Kahf) show that Allah has entrusted man with the vicegerency of the earth and humans are superior to the jinn.  Although the jinn also have been given certain extraordinary powers and abilities, an example of which is found in 27:39 (An-Naml) .. as also animals likewise have been given some powers greater than man but these do not mean that animals are superior to man.
 
The Qur'an also explains that the jinn like men are a creation possessed of power and authority and they, just like them, can choose between obedience and disobedience, faith and disbelief."
 
Unquote:
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Heba E. Husseyn
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« Reply #1 on: August 17, 2008, 09:21:53 pm »

Thanks sister.  I'll certainly mark this wonderful article as one of the most comprehensive pieces I've read.  The importance of this piece comes from its total conformity of the Noble Quran.  

Of course, it goes without saying, Jinn are no myth.  They are a very very real existence.  Even non-Muslims who do not heed the Quran should know the reality of Jinn.  After all, so many people all over the world have practically experienced something or the other concerning this paranormal existence.  

May Allah (The Most High) grant a strong faith and guidance to all those who seek it, ameen.
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« Reply #2 on: August 28, 2008, 02:17:46 am »

Very very interesting piece indeed.  Jinns are very real.  After all the experiences which so many people have had in the world with paranormal beings, how can they still call the existence of Jinns a "myth" ?


BismEm

Many people of the modern times are involved in the misunderstanding that the jinn are not real but only a figment of the ancient superstition and myths.  This opinion is based on the limited knowledge that they have acquired or discovered about the universe.  On the basis of their very limited knowledge of the unseen they have not found any evidence of Jinn.  Thus they think Jinn don't exist.  They cannot claim to possess any such knowledge either. But they have assumed without reason and proof that nothing exists in the universe except what they can see whereas the sphere of human perceptions as against the vastness of this great universe is not even comparable to a drop of water in the ocean.  The person who thinks that whatever he does not perceive does not exist and what exists must necessarily be perceived in fact provides a proof of his own limited and shallow mind.  


Th above has been well said by Syed Maududi, and this is the main problem with most people.  This issue has also very articulately been expressed in the following Quranic verse.

Nay, but they denied that, the knowledge whereof they could not compass, and whereof the interpretation (in events) hath not yet come unto them. Even so did those before them deny. Then see what was the consequence for the wrong-doers!  10:39
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« Reply #3 on: September 09, 2008, 12:14:12 am »

Thank you sister.  I enjoyed going thru this article.  Jinn is a very very real existence. 

As far as I know, the verses 17 and 18 of Surah Al-Hijr also hint upon Jinn.

16. And verily in the heaven we have set mansions of the stars, and We have beautified it for beholders.

17. And We have guarded it from every outcast devil,

18. Save him who stealeth the hearing, and them doth a clear flame pursue.   (15:16-18)  Al-Hijr
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« Reply #4 on: October 21, 2016, 10:51:19 am »

Salam all.  Was reading Surah An-Naml last night and while reading Verses 27:39-40 it struck me that the Quran reveals one more characteristic of the jinn which is of course bestowed on them by Allah.  This could be interpreted, from the human view point, as the jinn's ability to perform miracles such as performing a task in a moment which would be lengthy and cumbersome for humans. There are 2 Verses in Surah An-Naml that refer to this aspect, Verses 39 and 40 quoting below.

"A stalwart of the jinn said: I will bring it you before you can rise from your place. Lo! I verily am strong and trusty for such work."  (27:39)

"One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: I will bring it you before your gaze returns unto you. And when he saw it set in his presence, (Solomon) said: This is of the bounty of my Rab, that He may try me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful. Whosoever gives thanks he only gives thanks for (the good of) his own soul; and whosoever is ungrateful (is ungrateful only to his own soul's hurt). For lo! my Rab is Absolute in independence, Bountiful."   (27:40)



Quite obviously, in both Verses the reference is to an unusual ability of jinn (who worked for Prophet Solomon pbuh) ... getting the queen's throne hundred of miles away in a few seconds.  For humans it would be impossible to do this.

Your opinion please.
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« Reply #5 on: October 21, 2016, 11:31:26 am »

Wa'salam Sis Ruhi. 

Hummm, very good observation.  I totally agree.

I also did a quick research after reading your post. 

Concerning Verse 27:39, it's unanimously agreed by all Muslim commentators that the individual is a jin. About Verse 27:40 some have come up with a debatable explanation claiming that it's a human being and not a jin who performed this miracle through his knowledge of the Scripture. For example Abu Alaa Maududi is of this opinion.  But it goes against the substance of Verse 27:40.  There's no evidence in this Verse stating nor hinting that it's a human being and not jinn who could perform such a miraculous task from the standpoint of the human capacity.  Maududi admits that it's not known which former Scripture the Quran refers to that this individual had read .. apparently some Divine Message that came prior to the time of Prophet Solomon to one of his predecessors.  But there's no Quranic indication anywhere that knowledge of the Scripture can give humans any such ability beyond their natural capacity. One of the preceding Verses of this Surah, Verse 27:17, does state that those who worked for Prophet Solomon were both jinn and humankind.  However, the contents of the Quranic narration as we read along Verses 27:39-40 clearly refer to jinn. 

Thanks for bringing up this informative point, Sis.
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« Reply #6 on: October 21, 2016, 11:43:42 am »

O thanks Sis.  That was interesting.  Right, I too don't see any Quranic evidence for Maududi's assumption.
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