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Does the Quran contain the exact procedure of salaat?


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September 12, 2016, 03:17:09 am N. Truth Seeker: Wa salam sisters. So kind of u to remember. Alhumdulilah that Allah gave us another chance to live thru the blessed month of Zil Hajj.  Was a busy time for all of my family.
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« on: December 14, 2009, 03:16:44 am »

 BismEm


The importance of Hadith is commonly emphasised by claiming that the Quran does not teach salaah even though it orders us to do so.  But here's what's overlooked.  Allah Almighty has  stated in His Final Message that the dictates given in the Quran and sent through our  Prophet Muhammad (SAAW) are the continuation of previous Divine Messages from the time of Prophet Abraham (pbuh) onward which the people did not bother to follow nor to preserve.   Commandments of salaah (prayer), zakkah (charity) fasting and pilgrimage (Hajj) were Divine commandments given to people through former messengers since ancient times.  Prophet Muhammad's mission and deliverence of the Quran was the final & complete repetition/confirmation of the Divine Message.  Hence, it would be correct to state that while Prophets Moses, Jesus and Muhamamd (peace on them all) delivered the Taurah, Bible and Quran respectively, all important and basic religious dictates i.e. salaah, charity and fasting came from the time of Prophet Abraham (peace on him), generation after generation.

Salaah was already taught to the people since the time of Prophet Abraham in the Arabian peninsula, but with the passage of time these people and their descendents deviated from the path of Allah.  They gradually turned away from the ideology of monotheism and embraced polytheism.
 
The 4 compulsory rules of salaah  elucidated by Allah in the Quran as commandments and also while narrating the events of former Prophets are ruku and sajoud (that is, bowing and prostrating), recitation of Surah Fatiha mentioned as "seven oft repeated verses," and the recitation of whichever Quranic verses we can memorize or remember.  These practices were passed on from the time of Prophet Abraham.  

It should also be remembered that during the 7th century, before the advent of Islam, the pagan Arabs offered their prayers with much the same physical gestures as we do today, but the only big difference was that their prayer was not directed to Allah Almighty.   Instead, as polytheists, they offered their ruku and sajoud to their idols which were placed in the Kaaba at Makkah, and their concept of reaching out to Allah was through these idols.  This was the big mistake and corruption brought about by the people over the generations by which they ruined the monotheistic Faith as practiced by Prophet Abraham.  
 
The purpose of the Quran regarding salaah (or prayer) was not to teach its method because the method was already known to the people.  But the purpose of the Quran regarding salaah was to correct its ideology, that is, salaah must be offered and directed ONLY to Allah alone.
 
As Shaikh Saad al-Humayd mentions in his article Did the Arabs know about Allah before Al-Islam that if we read the Quran carefully, we will realize that the pagan Arabs also believed in Allah Almighty, but they committed shirk because they attributed partners to Allah.  
 
Hence, the method of salaah has been an ongoing process following the lineage from Prophets Abraham to Muhammad (peace on them).

Kindly check the following verses of the Noble Quraan for clarification and direct reference / evidence of the above analysis.
 
And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of the idolaters. (2:135)
 
Abraham was not a Jew, nor yet a Christian; but he was an upright man who had surrendered (to Allah), and he was not of the idolaters.
 Lo! those of mankind who have the best claim to Abraham are those who followed him, and this Prophet and those who believe (with him); and Allah is the Protecting Guardian of the believers. (3:67-68)

And strive for Allah with the endeavour which is His right. He hath chosen you and hath not laid upon you in religion any hardship; the faith of your father Abraham (is yours). He hath named you Muslims of old time and in this (Scripture), that the messenger may be a witness against you, and that ye may be witnesses against mankind. So establish worship, pay the poor-due, and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protecting Friend. A blessed Patron and a blessed Helper! (22:78)

And afterward We inspired thee (Muhammad, saying): Follow the religion of Abraham, as one by nature upright. He was not of the idolaters.  (16:123)

 
On prostrating (sajoud)
 
"Those were some of the prophets on whom Allah bestowed His Grace of the posterity of Adam, and of those whom We carried (in the Ark) with Noah, and of the posterity of Ibrahim and Israel - of those whom We guided and chose; whenever the Signs of Allah Most Gracious were rehearsed to them, they would fall down in prostrate adoration and in tears." (19:58)
 
"And among His Signs are the Night and the Day, and the Sun and the Moon. Don't prostrate yourselves to the Sun and the Moon, but prostrate to Allah, who created them if it is Him you wish to worship. If however, they are arrogant, those who are in the presence of your Lord celebrate His praises by night and by day and they never flag." (41:37-38)
 
"Do you then wonder at this recital? And will you laugh and not weep, wasting your time in vanities? Rather fall down in prostration to Allah and worship Him (alone)!"  (53:62)
 
"O you who believe! Bow down, prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord; and do good so that you may prosper." (22:77)
 
"When it is said to them: 'Prostrate yourselves to the Most Gracious', they say: 'What is the Most Gracious? Shall we prostrate ourselves to that which you command us?' And it increases their flight from the Truth." (25:60)

 
 
THE METHOD OF SALAAT AS IN THE NOBLE QURAN:

A careful reading of the Noble Quran makes it clear that prayer offered to Almighty Allah by different people around the world does not necessarily require an identical procedure or language in order to be accepted by Him.  What's absolutely necessary is the concept of strict monotheism with sincerity and depth of one's devotion toward Allah only and NO other deity.  The only 4 rules of salaat mentioned in the Quran, which are:
(1) bowing (ruku)
(2) prostrating  (sajood)
(3) Recitation of Surah Fatiha mentioned in the Quran as "seven of the oft repeated (verses),"
"We have given thee seven of the oft-repeated (verses) and the great Qur'an."   (15:87)  Surah Al-Hijr.
(4) And reciting whichever Quranic verses we can easily remember.
"Recite, then, of the Qur'an that which is easy for you. .... So recite of it that which is easy (for you), and establish worship and pay the poor-due,..."  (73:20)   Surah Al-Muzzamil.

The above points make up the complete basic, mandatory method of salaat.  Anything else one might add by considering it to be compatible with Quranic principles is up to the individual.
 
Bowing and prostrating were done by all pious ones in the past, being significant signs of complete surrender to the will of Allah Almighty alone.   Therefore, the exact detailed method of salaah has not been highlighted in the Quran because obviously Allah left this task on His final messenger to teach the people.  So yes, the other details of salaah in addition to the 4 rules stated in the Quran were decided by the Prophet as he deemed best and thus demonstrated to his followers.  This was an ongoing and unwritten practice over generations (in accordance with the basics that prevailed during the time of Prophet Abraham) which the Hadith included (in bits and pieces) in its narrations some 200 years later.   Hence, the existence of Hadith can take no credit for "teaching salaah" as incorrectly claimed by many.   It should also be known that there's no single Hadith that gives a comprehensive description of the method of prayer.   Furthermore, it's also almost certain that many of the details added to salaah today as a part of its procedure have been invented by Hadith which was not said by the Prophet (sw).
 
By claiming the Hadith to be indispensible for teaching salaah, such people ought to realize the enormity of the violation of their claim.  They are, inadvertently or purposely, declaring the fallibility of the Quran in defence of the man-written Hadith by presuming the Quran to be incomplete when Allah Almighty has repeatedly said that His Book is complete (refer verse 5:3).  
 
This day are those who disbelieve in despair of (ever harming) your religion; so fear them not, fear Me! This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favor unto you, and have chosen for you as religion AL- ISLAM.  (5:3  Surah Al-Maidah)



P.S.

The standard comment from those so-called Muslims who do not want to accept the Noble Quran as a stand-alone Book has been that not just salaat, but all information on zakah, fasting and hajj also comes from Hadith.  And if you tell them that you don't accept Hadith, the common question they shoot at you is, "then how did you learn to say your prayers and the rules of fasting, charity and hajj?"  Well, that myth about Hadith teaching salaat (prayer) has already been fully clarified above.  Now, concerning the complete information on fasting, zakah and hajj can be found in the following links:

The Noble Quran on Fasting
The Noble Quran on Zakah
Quranic Information on Hajj
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« Reply #1 on: December 15, 2009, 02:00:51 am »

Very good piece.  It includes all points.  However, those who don't want to listen will never follow it .. as the Noble Quran refers to such ones being deaf & dumb who will never heed.
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« Reply #2 on: December 16, 2009, 01:19:37 am »

Subhan'Allah, very illuminating article. 

And here's another Verse from Surah Al-An'am that flatly states that the Quran is fully explained, which automatically implies that it doesn't need the help of any other book or writing to explain it.

Verse 6:114  Surah Al-Anam
"Shall I seek other than Allah for judge, when He it is who has revealed unto you (this) Scripture, fully explained?"
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« Reply #3 on: December 16, 2009, 02:12:31 am »

Yes, this verse of Surah Al-Anam also affirms that Allah's final Book is independent, complete and sent to be understood by those who want to understand it. 

Moreover, the following verse 2:62 is another good one that throws light upon the fact that an identical physical method for salaah / prayer is not necessary ..... as long as the prayer is in accordance with strict monotheistic rules and is directed to Allah Almighty alone.

"Lo! those who believe (in that which is revealed unto thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doth right - surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve."

Though they quite surely may have adhered to bowing and prostrating, obviously those few Jews, Christians and Sabaeans who followed monotheism during the Prophet's (pbuh) time did not offer their prayer in exactly the same method as the Prophet (pbuh) taught his followers (which would basically be the same as our present-day salaah).  Yet Allah states in the above verse that as long as those Jews, Christians and Sabaeans believe in One Allah, the Last Day and take care of their conduct, they will be given their reward.  This clearly proves that all monotheistic believers are not required to offer prayers in an identical manner as long as they observe the monotheistic intent and ideology.

And only Allah knows best.
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« Reply #4 on: December 17, 2009, 01:02:36 am »

Thanks all.  this was a much needed article, really and so well explained.  InshAllah will send it around.
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« Reply #5 on: December 18, 2009, 04:55:35 am »

Br. TS and sister Heba, many thanks for quoting those 2 very important verses.

Just as Verse 5:3 of Surah Al-Maidah underscores the fact that the Noble Quran is "perfected" and "completed," verse 6:114 of Surah Al-Anam highlights the truth of the Quran being fully explained for all those who wish to think and reflect for the purpose of acquiring guidance.

And yes, very true sister Cat.  Verse 2:62 of Surah Al-Baqrah obviously means that insignificant details of the method of prayer can differ from person to person, or community to community, as long as one offers one's prayer (or salaah) with purely monotheistic intent, directed to Allah Almighty alone.
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« Reply #6 on: January 18, 2010, 11:53:50 pm »

When you invite them to the Truth (Quran alone), the first question they shoot is "Do you pray?"  You answer "yes" and the next question will be "show us (method of) salaat in Quran."   They will tell you that because there is no (method of) salaat in the Quran (according to them), this is why you find it in the hadith books.

Now the weird point that arises which these Mullahs themselves can't answer is that if as they say, Hadith books teach salaat, then why does every sect have its own way of offering salaat.  Method of salaat of Sunnis, Shiias, Wahabis etc. are all different.   

However, I don't have any objections to these minor differences because as sister Zeynab rightly mentioned that except for ruku and sajud, other physical movements of salaat can vary, as long as the ideology is purely Monotheistic.

Therefore, there's one objection which the Hadith critics raise about Darood in salaat with which I don't agree.  They say that Darood was not a part of salaat during the time of the Prophet (SAAW) because the Prophet in his salaat would not say 'O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family.'  Yes, it's possible that perhaps the Prophet (SAAW) would not say this, though even if he did, it would be perfectly normal.  After all, don't we all pray for ourselves and our family asking for blessings of Allah?  So why shouldn't the Prophet (Saaw)?  However, presuming that the Prophet did not say the Darood in his salaat, the Noble Quran definitely commands us to ask for blessings on the Prophet. 

"Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings on the Prophet. O you who believe! Ask blessings on him and salute him with a woryour salutation."  33:56

So, if Darood was added later into salaat, it's totally acceptable because it's 100% in accordance with the Quran and not against it.
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« Reply #7 on: June 28, 2010, 05:39:04 am »

Thank u for this thread, sisters and brother. 

Just wanted to ask about the following verse.

"And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not."   2:239

My question is about the underlined portion.  What would this involve?
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« Reply #8 on: June 28, 2010, 07:21:56 am »

Just wanted to ask about the following verse.

"And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not."   2:239

My question is about the underlined portion.  What would this involve?

Assalaam Alaikum sister Rose.  In my humble opinion, this would mean the corrected concept of Salaat.  Before the Quran came, the concept was paganism and these people did not pray to the One Allah Almighty.  Therefore their entire prayers got corrupted and were unacceptable in the Sight of Allah Almighty.  

The coming of Islam and the revelations of the Glorious Quran commanded mankind to return to Monotheism or Tawheed and believe in One Allah only.  Hence, prayers were also directed only to Allah Almighty, the One & Only with recitations of the Quran and with the corrected idea of bowing & prostrations.   In my opinon, this is what Allah is referring to as  "as He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not."  
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« Reply #9 on: June 29, 2010, 02:47:20 am »

okay, get your point.  u mean the change of ideology from polytheism to Monotheism (Tawhid) which brought a new meaning to the entire concept and physical movements of the Muslim salaat was something which the new Muslims of Medinah did not know until they were taught by the Grace of Allah from the revelations of the Quran.  This is primarily what Allah is referring to, right?
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« Reply #10 on: June 29, 2010, 03:00:27 am »

I think this sounds plausible.  Allah says in this verse that if u r going thru a difficult situation where u have to take precautions to protect yourself, then offer your prayers to Allah in whatever way convenient and quick for you, which would mean short recitations of the Quran or if one is a new Muslim and is having difficulty to recall the Quranic verses at such a time, then maybe they can recite whatever dua they can remember and address it to Allah in a standing position or if they are riding then on horseback (I would think riding on camel can also be included).  This is like a shortcut for the real prayer which would save time in unusual situations, the purpose being not to miss the remembrance of Allah at fixed times as commanded by him.  Then when they are back to safety or in normal circumstances, then to pray like the way they used to pray with the Prophet (S) in the daily congregations at the Prophet's mosque.  And only Allah would the exact explanation best. 
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« Reply #11 on: February 10, 2011, 09:13:00 pm »

Subhan Allah Sister, what a beautiful write up. How have this ignorane grown in the Ummah, from where this all started.

If Allah jad not taken the gurantee to preserve the Quran, we would have had the same number of copies as the Christians have. So the enemies of Islam found the hadith to corrupt Islam and take people away from the Quran. I met someone of late who said we need the hadith to understand The Quran, i felt sick in my stomach when I heard this.

Allah please enilgthen the Ummah and defeat the enemies of Islam.
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« Reply #12 on: February 10, 2011, 10:53:04 pm »

u r absolutely right brother.  I always say that too.  The Noble Quran being the final Message, Allah (Subhana wa'Taala) has Himself taken the responsibility to protect it in the "Guarded Tablet" (Lawh-i-Mahfuz) as elucidated in verses 15:9 and also in 85:21-22.  We must thank Allah for this and be eternally grateful to Him.  If Allah had not taken this responsibility, I dread to think what would have happened.  In that case, we would not have His original Word with us any longer, and just like the Jews & Christians, the Quran would have also been changed with dozens of different versions .... AstaghfarAllah.  But Allah knew that the people cannot be trusted.  Allah is All Knower and All Seer.  He is aware that humans have a tendency to alter the Divine Message and forge it with laws that are convenient to them.  The Noble Quran is indeed the most beautiful and precious gift for a believer.  How can anyone with sincere love for Allah in their heart ever leave the Quran and look to man-written books for guidance?  How can anyone who claims to be a believer put a man-written book side-by-side with the Quran?   I seek refuge in Allah from such gross misguidance.  People who are doing such things will have to answer lots of questions in the Hereafter. 
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« Reply #13 on: February 10, 2011, 11:01:50 pm »

I met someone of late who said we need the hadith to understand The Quran, i felt sick in my stomach when I heard this.

Most Hadith followers say this and it's really a very repugnant statement.  It makes me sick with anger too.  My sincere advise to all believers would be, never accept this claim because it's wrong.  The Hadith does NOT in any way explain the Quran.  And those few Ahadith which have attempted to explain certain verses have given thoroughly incorrect interpretations and have thus helped in further misguiding the Ummah. 

For your information, you may find it useful to check the following articles:

"Hadith gives totally wrong interpretations of the Quraan."
http://muslimvilla.smfforfree.com/index.php?topic=789.0

"Does Hadith explain the Quran?"
http://muslimvilla.smfforfree.com/index.php?topic=479.0


"Hadith interpretation of the term "Kausar" compared to the Noble Quran"
http://muslimvilla.smfforfree.com/index.php?topic=1316.0


"Hadiths on eclipse"
http://muslimvilla.smfforfree.com/index.php?topic=1359.0
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« Reply #14 on: February 11, 2011, 01:30:00 am »

Thanks Sister Zeynab, it is very important that we keep reminding each other about the true path. The Quran is a phenomenal book with unlimited guidance, we are so fortunate by grace of Allah that we have His words as a guidance and still some of us look to other sources.

This is tragedy of unimaginable proportions.

Jazak Allah
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