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What does the Quran say about Hajj?


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Heba E. Husseyn
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« Reply #30 on: August 31, 2017, 07:13:54 am »

Many thanks for the excellent reminder Br. TS and thanks for the gorgeous Kaa'ba pic.  Just beautiful.   May Allah grant those an opportunity for this journey of a lifetime to those who haven't yet been fortunate enough to experience it.  My husband is fasting but not me as I'm down with a terrible cold.  But will InshAllah offer nauafil.  Also please pray that Makkah and Medinah are liberated from the occupation of a takfiri wahabi regime. 
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« Reply #31 on: August 31, 2017, 07:16:49 am »

You're welcomed sis.  InshAllah hope you recover fast from the cold.  Weather is changing.  Take care dear sis.

.... Also please pray that Makkah and Medinah are liberated from the occupation of a takfiri wahabi regime. 


Ameen, ameen.  Very important dua ......
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« Reply #32 on: August 31, 2017, 07:23:55 am »

...  InshAllah hope you recover fast from the cold.  Weather is changing.  Take care dear sis.

Aw, thanko me sis.  InshAllah, will be fine.  Yeah weather changing ..

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« Reply #33 on: June 22, 2018, 10:27:21 pm »



Our Hijri year 1439, we're now in the tenth Islamic month of Shawwal.   Only two months left for Zil-Hajj.

I need some help with Verse 2:196 as I need to explain it to my kids.   Would be so very grateful if someone could give a tafsir of this Verse.  In the following translation, what does "gifts" mean?   The expression "And if you are in safety" is explained by Hadithists as reference to ihram.  I don't see it that way.  Then, the aspect of 10 days fasting if "gifts" cannot be found .. what might be the allusion here?   

"Perform the pilgrimage and the visit (to Makka) for Allah. And if you are prevented, then send such gifts as can be obtained with ease, and shave not your heads until the gifts have reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or has an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or almsgiving or offering. And if you are in safety, then whosoever contents himself with the visit for the pilgrimage (shall give) such gifts as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when you have returned; that is, ten in all. That is for him whose folk are not present at the Inviolable Place of Worship. Observe your duty to Allah, and know that Allah is severe in punishment. "  Verse 2:196   (Translation Pickthall).


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« Reply #34 on: June 22, 2018, 11:21:47 pm »


Sure Sis Ruhi.   Let me explain as best as I can, InshAllah, by analyzing the Verse part by part.

"Perform the pilgrimage and the visit (to Makka) for Allah."

It means performance of Hajj as well as Umrah together, for the love of Allah.  This simply confirms that Hajj and Umrah can be performed together. 


"And if you are prevented, then send such gifts as can be obtained with ease, and shave not your heads until the gifts have reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or has an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or almsgiving or offering."

"gifts" refers to sacrificing an animal - cow or goat or camel.  It means those who are stopped from visiting the Kaa'ba;  the idolaters often stopped the Muslims from Medinah from visiting the Kaa'ba in Mecca.  In such a situation, a Muslim can send the sacrifice to the Kaa'ba, and they should shave their heads after the sacrifice has reached the Kaa'ba.   If someone is not able to shave their heads because of physical illness or has a problem with the scalp or a head injury, they should either fast (I would presume fast for one day) or give charity / donation. 

Frankly Pickthall shouldn't have used the term "gifts" in his translation.  That makes it confusing as people immediately wonder what might "gifts" have to do with pilgrimage?   The Quran literally says "And if you are held back then whatever obtained with ease of the sacrificial animal."   It means to offer whatever can be obtained easily of sacrificial animals.  In this Verse of the Quran, the Arabic word mentioned for sacrificial animals is "al-hadyi."  In regular Arabic, "hadiya" means gift.  But it's an established fact coming from the Quran that during Hajj no one needs to go about sending gifts or presents of the kind one may give to each other as during social events or ceremonies.  The term al-hadyi in V. 2:196 apparently, rather certainly, refers to sacrificial animal.  That's the only aspect one needs to offer.   Alternatively, as we know, some pilgrims nowadays donate money to carry out sacrifice to organizations present at the venue of Hajj.


"And if you are in safety, .."

That is, when the situation is normal / peaceful and a person is able to visit the Kaa'ba for Hajj ..... 


"And whosoever cannot find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when you have returned; that is, ten in all."

During Hajj if you are unable to sacrifice an animal for some reason, then there is an alternative - fasting 3 days during Hajj and fasting another 7 days after returning home, a total of 10 fasts in lieu of inability to give a sacrifice.


"That is for him whose folk are not present at the Inviolable Place of Worship."

Again, this refers to performing Hajj and Umrah together which is allowed to those who do not live close to the Kaa'ba in Mecca.   It was initially presumed a violation to perform Hajj and `Umrah together during the same journey.  In this Verse Allah Almighty has rejected that self-imposed restriction except for those who lived within the  bounds of the Kaa'ba because it wouldn't be difficult for them to travel separately for Hajj and `Umrah.


If I've left out anything, let me know Sis.




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« Reply #35 on: June 22, 2018, 11:54:54 pm »


Big thanks dear Sis Smiley  perfectly clear.  Yeah, Pickthall always tries to keep it as literal as possible and that may at times convey an inaccurate concept due to grammatical and style differences of Arabic and other languages.  Thus, the term "hadyi" literally translated as 'gift' got me a bit confused.






"And whosoever cannot find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when you have returned; that is, ten in all."

During Hajj if you are unable to sacrifice an animal for some reason, then there is an alternative - fasting 3 days during Hajj and fasting another 7 days after returning home, a total of 10 fasts in lieu of inability to give a sacrifice.



Would this mean that this alternative is available to everyone at all times?

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« Reply #36 on: June 23, 2018, 12:15:44 am »




Heba:
During Hajj if you are unable to sacrifice an animal for some reason, then there is an alternative - fasting 3 days during Hajj and fasting another 7 days after returning home, a total of 10 fasts in lieu of inability to give a sacrifice.

Ruhi:
Would this mean that this alternative is available to everyone at all times?


That's a thoughtful question.  Let's read this portion of the Verse 2:196 again: 

"And if you are in safety, then whosoever contents himself with the visit for the pilgrimage (shall give) such gifts as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the pilgrimage, and of seven when you have returned; that is, ten in all."


In my opinion, in accordance with the flow and fluency of the Verse, it does include all times but only if sacrificial animals are not available.  Back in those days with lesser trade and lesser money in the Arabian peninsula, animals consumed for Halal food were not too easily available.  So there could be times when sacrificial animals wouldn't be found during pilgrimage.  However, in modern times and in a normal atmosphere one may never face such a situation.  It may only happen in turbulent times as during wars or natural disasters etc. which hasn't happened lately around the premises of Hejaz.  I suppose that's the reason we never hear of anyone utilizing this alternative.   


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« Reply #37 on: June 23, 2018, 12:21:50 am »



Aha, I get it. 
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« Reply #38 on: June 23, 2018, 03:09:10 am »


Thank you Sister Heba.  That was nicely explicated. 

Another point.  Some Quran-aloners are arguing that shaving of the head should be done by both men and women.  According to their grasp, since the Quran does not specify in so many words that only men must shave their heads and not women, they prefer to presume both must shave their heads.   

What's your perspective?



 
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« Reply #39 on: June 23, 2018, 03:25:01 am »



Some time ago I saw someone at FMs arguing on this point.  I think that's because  folks at FMs do not accept head-covering or hijab as a Quranic injunction on women's dress code. 
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« Reply #40 on: June 23, 2018, 03:26:07 am »



That makes sense.
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« Reply #41 on: June 24, 2018, 11:57:50 pm »

   ........

Another point.  Some Quran-aloners are arguing that shaving of the head should be done by both men and women.  According to their grasp, since the Quran does not specify in so many words that only men must shave their heads and not women, they prefer to presume both must shave their heads.  

What's your perspective? 


Well yes, I admit the Quran does not specifically prohibit women from shaving their heads after completing Hajj, but logically I don't agree with the view point of those guys.  Shaving the head is a Divine Instruction for a practical reason and not a spiritual reason, that is, to end one's unkempt appearance (refer Verse 22:29) and mark a new beginning.  Indeed, completion of Hajj is a new beginning for women as well.   But there are some social aspects to be considered that may not  necessitate shaving of the head for women as the final ritual of Hajj.  In the earlier eras of history, women were far less outdoor than men and therefore generally, women of all social classes avoided the state of unkemptness to a much greater degree than men.   Secondly, unlike men, long hair is a part of a woman's personality which isn't supposed to symbolize a scruffy appearance.  Thirdly, as Sister Ruhi hinted, women are required to keep their hair covered in public and in the presence of non-mehrem males in accordance with the Quranic dress code.  Thus again, the aspect of unkemptness doesn't arise in the case of women.

Considering these factors, if it was still necessary for women to shave their heads as men, we can be quite certain that The Almighty would mention it instead of leaving us to presume on account of the absence of such an instruction from Him.  Though only Allah knows best, in my opinion He has not specified it because it isn't obligatory for women to act upon this ritual.

Some years ago we had taken up for discussion the expression "shaven and cut" in Verse 48:27.   The traditionalists take this Verse to assume that men need to shave their heads while women are to cut it a wee bit shorter;  the length shortened may depend upon individual decision.   But the point is that there is no evidence that the expression "cut" in Verse 48:27 indicates the trimming or cutting of the hair of female pilgrims.   As usual, traditionalist sources have dozens of different opinions on the length of the hair to be cut, ranging from a fingertip to a few inches, but without any evidence from the Quran.

To conclude, since the Quran does not specifically state that shaving of the head at the completion of Hajj must be done by women as well, I don't think it's a requirement or certainly not an important issue, unless one personally wants to symbolically trim an inch or two of her hair.  There's no harm in that either.


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« Reply #42 on: June 25, 2018, 11:55:50 pm »


Many thanks Sister Zeynab.  That sounds comprehensive and rational.  My family and I were discussing this at dinner last night and we too had very similar thoughts.
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« Reply #43 on: June 27, 2018, 12:00:45 am »



The amusing similarity between free minders and hadithists that cannot go unnoticed is their limited focus, taking every issue dot at face value without the slightest of contemplation over general Quranic facts & principles .... without the slightest use of common sense.  Why would a woman need to do anything to her hair when she's supposed to keep her hair neatly tied or rolled up beneath a full hejab regardless of its length?  And yes, long hair is a part of a female's personality.  It doesn't mean the same for men.   

At present female head shaving in the ever-growing crazy west has become a pop culture.  That repellent fatty, Britney Spears, shaved her head a decade ago when everyone thought she officially turned a lunatic;  that's how it got started and since then many female hollywooders did the same for one stupid reason or another.  It can be viewed as one of the deviant tantrums of feminists to challenge the western culture in which shaving heads has been traditionally considered ultra masculine for men .. as the conservative skinheads do.  In medieval era, in fact up to the period of WW2, shaving a woman's head was often done as a punishment for some violation. 

By the way, needless to say, the Quranic instruction of shaving heads apparently for men only has nothing to do with any such ideas of masculinity nor punishment.  It's simply a gesture to tidy up oneself after completing Hajj, a gesture not required for women because of the vastly differing grooming methods of both genders. 

Thank you Sisters Zeynab, Ruhi, Br. TS.    Allah Almighty bless.


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« Reply #44 on: June 27, 2018, 12:35:29 am »


   .......  

At present female head shaving in the ever-growing crazy west has become a pop culture.  That repellent fatty, Britney Spears, shaved her head a decade ago when everyone thought she officially turned a lunatic;  that's how it got started and since then many female hollywooders did the same for one stupid reason or another.  It can be viewed as one of the deviant tantrums of feminists to challenge the western culture in which shaving heads has been traditionally considered ultra masculine for men .. as the conservative skinheads do.  ................ 
.........

That could be the reason why a few so-called progressives at FMs brought up this argument.   Many of them do nurture such a perspective; their own "style" of distorting Islam does often go along such lines.  I've observed that concerning various issues time and again. 

Thanks a lot Sister Heba.

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