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Preservation of the Noble Quran


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Zeynab
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« on: July 28, 2019, 02:42:24 am »


As-Salaam Alaikum dear all.

We have already contributed vast information with solid evidence that the Noble Quran remains well preserved and original.  I would like to add more on this topic and make it vaster to shut the mouths of many which unfortunately don't include only the non-Muslims but also the Hadithist Muslims.  Some months ago a Hadithist neighbor had the audacity to say that my argument to reject the authenticity of Hadith can also be utilized to cast aspersions on the Quran.  I was shocked at her mindset which was ignorant as well as ill-intentioned.

So, let us speak a bit more on this topic with special focus on the PRESERVATION of the Quran.

"Lawh Mahfooz"
Allah The Almighty sent many Divine Scriptures to humankind for guidance through the annals of human history.  With the passage of time, all of those Scriptures got corrupted by human hands and minds, losing their originality.  For that reason - and considering the fact that the Quran is the Final Divine Message -  Allah The Greatest decided to take the responsibility Himself to protect and preserve it so that humankind would have no excuse for their disbelief on the Day of Judgement.  The Quran - intact and original - will be a Witness against humankind when they tender their excuses on the Day of the Tryst.  Please know, the Noble Quran is a Message for all humanity, not just the Arabs.    Thus He mentions that the Noble Quran is protected in a "guarded tablet" that is, Lawh-Mahfooz.

"Nay, but it is a Glorious Qur'an, On a guarded tablet (lawḥin maḥfūẓin  )." (85:21-22)  Al-Buruj.

Allah also promises the preservation of HIS Noble Final Message in Verse 9 of Surah Al-Hijr:

“We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption)” (15:9)  Al-Hijr.

Memorization 
The Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad over a period of 23 years. The unique rhythmic style of the Quran with the selection of the loveliest of words by its Author, the Divine Power, has made it easy to memorize the Quran.  This is another prime reason for its preservation. 

As we know, the Prophet (pbuh) was unable to read or write fluently as a person of average education would.  But we do know that every revelation was memorized by the Prophet (pbuh) by the Will of Allah, and thus the Prophet (pbuh) is acknowledged as the first hafiz of the Quran.   It was on account of this ability bestowed in him by Allah Almighty that the Prophet (pbuh) was able to recite Verses of the Quran during his discussions with delegations of people who visited him to talk about Islam.  But as the Prophet (pbuh) knew he wouldn't live forever as any other human being, he appointed scribes from among the people he trusted to the fullest to record the Quran as it was being revealed to him. Thus, the complete Quran was not only memorized by Prophet Muhammad and many others who followed with the coming of time, but it also existed in its entirety in written form during his lifetime.

Within a year after Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) death, a handwritten manuscript of the compilation of the entire Quran was available as recorded by the scribes following stringent standards to protect it against any errors or interpolations.  This carefully preserved handwritten manuscript was also approved unanimously by Prophet Muhammad’s close family and companions which included many who had memorized the entire Quran as the Prophet (pbuh) had himself.  Then, the process of arranging the Surahs in the form of the Book we see it today, with the lengthy and lengthier Surahs preceding the shorter Surahs in the compilation was started by the 2nd Caliph, Umer bin Khattab and completed by his successor, the 3rd Caliph, Usman bin Affan.  At least 4 copies of this compilation in kufic print were distributed to several Muslim cities that were a part of the Muslim Empire while Caliph Usman kept one for himself.  One such earliest copy is currently at the museum in Tashkent with a very interesting history.  Do please read it.   An identical copy is available in the library of Columbia University, New York City, U.S.



The process of memorization began during Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) lifetime and the practice of memorization continues by Muslims until this day.   The ability of perfect memorization and oral transmission lessens the dependence on the written record, in that, even if the written record is ever destroyed (Allah forbid), it will take very little time for the original and identical copy of the Quran to be reproduced in writing from the memories of millions where the entire 6,236 Verses of the Noble Final Message in engraved.   Also, the accurate memorization of millions serves as proof-reading making it impossible for the written record to ever be altered, in which case, if a culprit tried to tamper with the original would be caught right away.


Other than the preservation of the Quran, also please don't forget to read on Quranic prophecies and scientific information, establishing the undeniable authenticity of the Noble Quran .... unlike the haphazard Hadith with record breaking ridiculous info, many taken from the altered Gospels.

Prophecies
Prophecies of the Quran by referring to future events as already achieved e.g. when He tells the Prophet in Surah Al-Inshirah that He has exalted the prophet's fame, a Surah revealed in early Mecca days when the Prophet (pbuh) was not famous but  target of persecution.  But the Quranic allusion came true several years later.  It ought to be noted that NO prophecy of the Quran has been incorrect.   Check this topic in detail @ Prophecies of the Quran.

Scientific Information 
Scientific information contained in the Quran unknown to anyone at the time it was revealed.   We have enough works on this topic, so instead of repetitive discussion, I'll simply post some of the MV links on relevant topics for you to study proving without doubts that the Quran is the Work of none else other than the Divine Power.

Human fingers, Sun's orbitEvery earthly growth has male and femaleDiffering nature of lights of sun and moon, Defeat of Romans by Persians (a true prophecy) as well as alluding to the Dead Sea as the lowest point (a scientific fact)Dispersal of the Jews (a prophecy)The different rising and setting places of the sun, The Quran confirms that the sun also moves, a fact that was discovered as late as the 1980s.

And many more scientific aspects totally unknown back then.


Related Posts:

Compilation of the Noble Quran
A Study of the Chronological Order of the Glorious Quran
Hadith conspiracy against Quranic compilation
Actual status of Hadith in comparison with the Noble Quran
Order of compilation of the Quran

Furthermore ..  ..

You can find some nice read on the preservation of the Noble Quran in another website, WhyIslam.  Scroll down the page to read "Quran's Preservation."


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Heba E. Husseyn
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« Reply #1 on: July 28, 2019, 01:27:38 pm »


Walaikum As salam and many thanks sister.  It was wonderful going through this.  Actually preservation is a slightly different aspect from compilation, and I'm glad you elucidated it so comprehensively.  That malicious taunt of hadithists on questioning the authenticity of the Noble Quran for the sake of defending hadith can be responded to perfectly with the information on preservation of the Quran.

And I absolutely adore that earliest kufic print Quran.  Looks so beautiful.  I wonder what those pages are made of, look like silk.


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Zeynab
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« Reply #2 on: July 28, 2019, 01:44:15 pm »



Thank you sister Heba. 


......  I wonder what those pages are made of, look like silk.

I think they are made of mulberry.     Mulberry paper is made from the mulberry tree and is handmade.  The long fibers of mulberry are said to give its distinctive finish.    From what I know mulberry paper came into use in that part of the world in the 6th century. 

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« Reply #3 on: July 28, 2019, 01:46:51 pm »



Ah, I see ......
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Ruhi_Rose
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« Reply #4 on: July 28, 2019, 01:53:22 pm »



Wa'Salam dear sisters.

Brother TS will find this very useful.  Last week he sent a email saying he needed some points on preservation of Noble Quran from the time of revelation for his discussion session in early August.   Undoubtedly, Lawh Mahfooz and Memorization are the two most excellent points regarding preservation.   Very well articulated Sister Zeynab.


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« Reply #5 on: July 28, 2019, 01:55:25 pm »



O really?   Please inform him to visit this thread. 

Thanks Sister Ruhi.
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Ruhi_Rose
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« Reply #6 on: July 28, 2019, 01:57:29 pm »



InshAllah, I will inform him or I'll simply send this thread via 'send this topic' button.
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« Reply #7 on: July 28, 2019, 01:58:34 pm »



Insh'Allah, thanks again sis.
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