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Importance of Qaza salat ( قضاء )


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Author Topic: Importance of Qaza salat ( قضاء )  (Read 1575 times)
Heba E. Husseyn
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« on: December 07, 2014, 02:00:51 pm »

 BismEm


Our daily 5 prayers (salat) is one of our most important obligations.  As soon as it's time to offer any one of the five salats of the day, it's our duty to immediately offer it.  But if for some compelling reason we are not able to, the obligation still remains until we offer it.  To fulfill this obligation, that salat can only be offered late, that is, Qaza.   The meaning of 'Qaza' in salat refers to what's still due upon yourself. 

Being thoughtful of offering a Qaza salaat to make up for a missed prayer is a sign of your commitment to Allah.

Some of our Quran-alone followers have asked why offer Qaza prayers to redeem for the ones missed because this isn't stated in the Quran?  Well, the Quran does not specify Qaza but if you check the connotations and wider principles of the Quran, offering Qaza prayers is closer to piety than ignoring them.

It's true that Qaza prayers can never have the same value as prayers offered at the given times.  But if those prescribed prayers at given times have been missed, offering Qaza would surely be preferable to not offering them at all.  Ibadat is something that's never a waste for our souls.  We offer Qaza with the same spirit as we offer Nafl (or extra) prayers.  Nafls are also not specified in the Quran (except for the instruction of remembering Him throughout the night ref. V.76:26).  Yet we know that if, after offering all 5 obligatory prayers, we desire to pray more, The Almighty by no means stops us from performing them.  Turning to Allah whenever we have the opportunity or time to do so, can NEVER be taken as a negative move.  Similarly Qaza prayer is always a positive gesture which is as far as we can go to make up for a missed prayer. 

The Quran does not specifiy Qaza because it's taken for granted that Allah does not want to encourage you in any way to miss your prayers at the prescribed time (as much as possible).  Yet if you end up missing a prayer or prayers for an unavoidable reason, not looking back and simply moving ahead to catch on with the next prayer is one method of taking care of your duty toward Allah.  Offering your next prayer and then praying additionally (Qaza) to make up for the missed one (or ones) is another way of fulfilling your duty toward Allah.  Which of the two methods do you think Allah would prefer more?  In my opinion, the second method of offering your obligatory prayers (if missed) as Qaza defines a far greater awareness of one's sense of responsibility toward the Divine Power.

Every prayer we offer, whether on time or Qaza, constitutes our direct personal communication with Allah and symbolic of our interest in getting close to Him.  Allah has mentioned many times that He takes note of all things.  The more we love Him, greater will be our commitment to our prayers .. and the only step we can take to atone for a missed prayer is to offer it Qaza.

Widipedia on salaat writes:
"In certain circumstances one may be unable to perform one's prayer within the prescribed time period (waqt). In this case, the prayer must be performed as soon as one is able to do so. ...... However, knowingly sleeping through the prescribed time for Salat is deemed impermissible."

That last sentence of knowingly sleeping through making Qaza impermissible is false and is likely borrowed from some Hadith. I do not mean to say that it's okay to intentionally or lazily sleep and miss your salat.  However, various people have different health issues and different difficult schedules to cope with; sometimes one is overly fatigued because of the day's hectic routine.  In several such cases, it doesn't make one a 'villian' to plan a Qaza prayer so that one can wake up feeling less exhausted and healthier, and thus be able to offer their prayers with greater concentration and more physical ease.

Please know, there is no such thing as "Quranist prayer timings" being any different.  The prayer timings of all 5 prayers is clearly defined in the Noble Quran.  Those who try to alter it are simply guilty of changing the laws of Allah and such persons have no right to call themselves Quran followers.  For complete clarification please refer to our former post "Salat to be offered 5 times not 3."

Also know that as usual the Hadith has come up with plenty of senseless and complicated rules on Qaza prayers.  The Quran does not lay any rules for Qaza prayers.  Qaza prayers simply means offering a fard or obligatory prayer late or after its prescribed time.  There are no time limits for Qaza nor is the method of offering Qaza any different from regular fard prayers.  To point out one out of many self-imposed restrictions by "Sunnah" followers is that if you've missed Fajr prayer, the Qaza for it must be offered before sunset otherwise Qaza is disallowed for that prayer.  This basically amounts to stopping a person from turning to Allah.  Is there any Verse in the Quran that says turning to Allah later than a given  time is prohibited?  Not at all.   I don't need to mention that missing Fajr is not a good habit at all.   However as stated earlier, compelling situations do occur.  In that case, disallowing them to offer Qaza or imposing rules on Qaza timings leads to creating additional hurdles on the path of worship.

Moreover, it's a matter of common sense that late prayers simply means that.  There can be no specific timings for late prayers otherwise there's little point in defining them as 'Qaza' prayers.

Besides, making such rules on offering Qaza prayers within a certain time after the prescribed time could also encourage people to miss the prescribed times stated in the Quran and follow the time brackets for late prayers endorsed by the jurists.

The bottom line is, as much as possible we MUST try to offer all our 5 prayers on time, failing which, Qaza prayers must not be ignored and should be offered with the proper niyyah (intent) whenever we find the time for it. This is the only way we can make sure that at least we have been keeping aside a specific amount of time for Allah each day throughout our lives, even if we've missed the prescribed times.

And enjoy the following images with beautiful words.  Source: Facebook pages.




That's right. Perform as many nafl prayers as you can. If you miss one of the fard salats, offer it Qaza later. Ibadat is never wasted. The more, the better for your soul.  It's the REAL wealth, the ONLY wealth, you can carry with you in your final journey.
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« Reply #1 on: December 07, 2014, 10:16:12 pm »

Such an important topic and you've expounded it so comprehensively and yet so simply without any complications.  The images too are breathtaking.  I  especially love the caption of the second one.  With daylight being for such a brief period in winters, daily routine becomes a rush .. a struggle .. to stay on schedule.  I try to be home as much as I can but the usual outdoor chores mainly grocery shopping is enough to make me miss at least one prayer, usually my Maghrib salaat.  Sometimes if I'm tired in the afternoon and after lunch and offering Dohr, I lie down for a short nap, I may oversleep and wake up around 5.30 p.m. and I find I've missed my Asr and Maghrib.  Really upsets me.  But I take my comfort in meticulously never missing the Qaza for each missed salaat.  Like you so correctly defined, it's an obligation, a very very important one.  Missing a salaat doesn't mean that obligation has passed by and we just move ahead to catch on the next prayer.  The obligation remains, and I feel like my soul is in debt unless I don't complete it.  If Qaza piles up to more than one salaat, I feel the 'debt' has piled up too.  The important thing to know is, it's for the benefit of our own soul.  Allah does not gain anything from it because He is too independent and has NO needs.  But our soul needs it for maintaining our book of account in the Hereafter.

Many thanks dear Sister Heba.  All bless you for the help you offer us with your great work.

BTW, a question for my info.  If the accumulation of Qaza prayers is quite a bit, say for example 20 rakats or so in total, can all those rakats be made up by being offered as Nafl?
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« Reply #2 on: December 07, 2014, 10:29:59 pm »

You're very, very welcomed my sis!  Cheesy   What you explained in that paragraph is also dynamic, spot on!   That's just the way I too feel when I miss a salat .... like my rooh is in debt.  And again so right, it's only for our own good.  Keeping the hisab of our good deeds upto date for the Day of Decision is the ultimate goal.  With each salat we miss, our book of hisab gets a bit tarnished.  But InshAllah, that's to some extent salvaged by offering the Qaza prayer for every missed salat.   


BTW, a question for my info.  If the accumulation of Qaza prayers is quite a bit, say for example 20 rakats or so in total, can all those rakats be made up by being offered as Nafl?


What really makes Qaza different from Nafl is the issue of being able to keep up the correct count.  We have to offer a specific number of obligatory rakats every day which is the total of our 5 daily prayers, that is, 17 rakats a day (fard rakats).  Supposing if I miss 2 salats - Dohr and Asr - would mean 17 minus 8 rakats.   Hence I've offered only 9 rakats and 8 more are pending as late prayer.  Now, if you offer those 8 rakats with the intent of 'Qaza' then you are sure you have no obligatory rakats pending.  After that whatever other prayers you offer, you can take them as additional worship or nafl.  So it helps you to keep track to what extent you're trailing behind on the fard rakats.  If you offer Qaza with the niyyat of Nafl, well Allah always keeps count, but you might get confused on the extent of fard rakats you've been missing in the recent past.
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« Reply #3 on: December 07, 2014, 10:32:48 pm »

Ahaa ... yep yep!  Smiley  I get the point now.  Very wisely perceived.  Thanks again sis.
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« Reply #4 on: December 09, 2014, 10:38:25 am »

Thank you my sis for this precious piece.  With all our hectic routine between running our little business and running our home plus taking care of the needs of family members & relatives, my hubby and I sometime do end up missing a particular salat.  Especially in winters when clocks are set behind and days get so, so short, Qaza prayers often become a daily issue.  Nowadays Dohr is at 12 noon and Maghrib at about 4.30 p.m.   That means in 4.5 hours we have to complete 3 prayers - Dohr, Asr and Maghrib.  Despite our struggle to offer these 3 prayers in time, we sometimes trail behind, but make sure we never forget or miss to offer them Qaza.  For that reason, these days our night prayers have gotten quite lengthy.  After finishing Isha (which is as early as about 6 p.m.), we sit down to finish our missed salats. 

It's never too late to turn to Allah. After all, Allah has mentioned the concept of Qaza fasting.  People perform Umrah which basically means Qaza Hajj.   And the Quran surely carries NO prohibition for late prayers, in case you miss the specified time.

Our jurists obeying the fiery tone of unauthentic ahadith are very quick to brand those as "violators" who miss a salat and find an excuse to harass them with threats and complicated rules.  Sometimes they don't even allow Qaza which as you rightly put, amounts to stopping people from turning to Allah.  Punishment or forgivneness for missed prayers is only up to Allah.  I wish these people wouldn't keep poking their noses with their illogical regulations.

"Say: O My slaves who have been prodigal to their own hurt! Despair not of the mercy of Allah, Who forgiveth all sins. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.  Turn unto your Rab repentant, and surrender unto Him, before there come unto you the doom, when ye cannot be helped."  (39:53-54).  Believers who miss a prayer or prayers because of unavoidable reasons later wish to flee to Allah as soon as possible and complete their missed prayers.  No one is authorized to stop them with their own rules from extra-Quranic literature.

BTW ,, love those 2 images.
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« Reply #5 on: December 09, 2014, 10:56:03 am »

That's very sensibly put Sister Ruhi.
Allah bless.
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« Reply #6 on: December 09, 2014, 12:34:27 pm »

Assalam Alaykum everyone and tons of thanks Sister Heba.  Great post with the kind of info many need to know. 

I offer my Qaza (whenever I miss a prayer at the right time) after offering my regular salat for which I'm not yet late.  But I see these mullahs saying that Qaza must be offered before the regular prayer.  Sometimes I might miss a salat and then rush forth to catch on with the next salat on time.  After reaching home and performing my wudu I find that only 15 or 20 minutes are left to offer the regular prayer otherwise that too will become Qaza.  So in such a case if I offer my Qaza first, won't I be ending up getting late for the other salat as well and consequently making it Qaza too, which would not happen if I had offered the missed prayer afterwards?
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« Reply #7 on: December 09, 2014, 12:48:20 pm »

That's a very rational argument brother.  Most jurists insist that we offer Qaza first.  However a few have probably realized the point you mentioned and have said you can offer Qaza afterwards if you're getting late for the regular salat.   There's one by the name of Shaykh Yusuf Badat who is quite a bokhraat and in one of his lectures categorically stated Qaza must be offered first.  I want to ask him who gave him the authority to make this rule?  Then I think he realized the other point or perhaps someone told him .. and he mentioned if you're getting late for a particular salat and you also have a Qaza salat to offer, then offer the Qaza afterwards.    So there we go .. if it's okay to offer Qaza after regular prayers when time is short, that means the practice of offering it afterwards is okay too. 

The fact is whether one offers Qaza before or after one's regular prayer makes no difference as long as one offers it.  As usual, the jurists & imams never give any reasons why they think Qaza should generally be offered before the regular prayer.  They just say it (as they say so many other senseless things) because it makes them feel authoritative which they enjoy.
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« Reply #8 on: December 09, 2014, 12:52:43 pm »

lol ,, that's precisely the scenario with them. 

Qaza is Qaza.  It doesn't have different levels or degrees.  Whether it's offered 1 hour late or 6 hrs late or 2 days later doesn't really change anything.  As you said, the only important thing here is to offer it at the earliest opportunity.   
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« Reply #9 on: December 09, 2014, 12:55:31 pm »

Supposing you missed a prayer last week, but somehow didn't get the time to offer it Qaza and it's still on your mind.  Or you forgot to offer it Qaza and then suddenly remembered.  Can you offer a Qaza salat after that many days?
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« Reply #10 on: December 09, 2014, 01:03:55 pm »

Yes, in my opinion you can.  You just have to make the appropriate intent or niyyat.  If you're offering a Qaza 1 or 2 days later or a week later, just make the niyyat for it accordingly and preferably mention the day and time of the missed prayer.  If you don't remember the exact day, even then there's no reason not to offer it.  In that case just nurture the intent for the prayer that you missed some days ago.  But certainly do offer it. 
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« Reply #11 on: December 09, 2014, 01:07:53 pm »

Right .. that makes sense.  Thanks brother.
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« Reply #12 on: December 09, 2014, 01:12:53 pm »


Qaza is Qaza.  It doesn't have different levels or degrees.  ........


That's precisely the point.


Yes, in my opinion you can.  You just have to make the appropriate intent or niyyat.  If you're offering a Qaza 1 or 2 days later or a week later, just make the niyyat for it accordingly and preferably mention the day and time of the missed prayer.  If you don't remember the exact day, even then there's no reason not to offer it.  In that case just nurture the intent for the prayer that you missed some days ago.  But certainly do offer it. 

Yeah I concur.
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« Reply #13 on: December 09, 2014, 01:21:01 pm »

And .. that same bokhraath, Shaykh Yusuf Badat, also said while offering Qaza prayers, only offer fard not the optional rakats .. quoting him: "Once the timing of a ṣalāh has expired, one is only obliged to make up for fardh prayers not the attached sunnah or optional prayers."  Again, from where did he get this idea to assert it so confidently?  If someone wants to offer some optional rakats as well, then why not?
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« Reply #14 on: December 09, 2014, 01:31:28 pm »

And .. that same bokhraath, Shaykh Yusuf Badat, also said while offering Qaza prayers, only offer fard not the optional rakats .. quoting him: "Once the timing of a ṣalāh has expired, one is only obliged to make up for fardh prayers not the attached sunnah or optional prayers."  Again, from where did he get this idea to assert it so confidently?  If someone wants to offer some optional rakats as well, then why not?

They just talk for the sake of talking and thus those talks are devoid of logic more often than not.  Just don't listen to them. 

In any case I always offer sunnah rakats with the niyyat of nafl.  The reason is simple.  To be honest, we cannot be sure if the number of sunnah rakats haven't been manipulated by the hadith.  Secondly, even if the count for "sunnah" rakats is correct, the Prophet (pbuh) during his lifetime must have definitely offered that as extra or nafl.  I feel absolutely sure the Prophet (pbuh) would NEVER offer them by uttering the word "sunnah."  There was no such thing as 'sunnah' during his time. The Prophet (pbuh) did not refer to his daily routine as 'sunnah.'  He directed everyone's attention only to the Quran because he borrowed his rules from the Quran.  Using the term 'sunnah' would amount to separating the Prophet's life from the Quran as two different things, which would be totally wrong and negate the purpose of the Message of Allah.  Needless to say, the Prophet (pbuh) would never ever do that.  The Prophet's (pbuh) responsibility was to demonstrate the Quran in practice, NOT Bukhari's worthless & ludicrous rules.

Plainly put, what these traditionalists today call 'sunnah' rakat is actually nafl or extra rakat.  That's it.
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