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On Fate and Destiny


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Author Topic: On Fate and Destiny  (Read 1010 times)
Zeynab
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« on: July 14, 2008, 04:03:27 am »

Dear brother Ace.  Salaam Alaikum Smiley  As I had promised, I'm quoting that verse from the Glorious Quraan that clarifies the position on fate.  This clarification is in two steps, exactly as I had been explaining to you.  The first step is the one you have already interpreted and which we both agree upon i.e. everything comes from Allah.  The second step is the part which I highlighted along with the first step to which you didn't agree i.e. reward or punishment comes as a result of our actions. 

The following are verses 4:78-79.  Please read carefully.

Wheresoever ye may be, death will overtake you, even though ye were in lofty towers. Yet if a happy thing befalleth them they say: This is from Allah; and if an evil thing befalleth them they say: This is of thy doing (O Muhammad). Say (unto them): All is from Allah. What is amiss with these people that they come not nigh to understand a happening ? 4:78

Whatever of good befalleth thee (O man) it is from Allah, and whatever of ill befalleth thee it is from thyself. We have sent thee (Muhammad) as a messenger unto mankind and Allah is sufficient as Witness.  4:79


An unperceiving person may think that these two verses contradict each other.  But no, they are not contradictory at all. 

Both the above verses refer to the reverse which the Muslims suffered at Mt. Uhad which was caused by their own disobedience to the Prophet's orders.

In verse 4:78 Allah says that everything that befalls is from Him.  It refers to the logical process through which Allah plans the consequences of every human act that automatically becomes a part of their fate.  Thus, since He is the Only Planner of fate, everything is blessed or inflicted by Him, and this cannot be changed.  But the reason for earning that blessing or affliction comes from our own conduct which is expressed in verse 4:79. 

Verse 4:79 further clarifies that Allah never hurts anyone without a reason.  While good may come from Allah through His kindness, forgiveness and mercy, but ill is  inflicted upon us by Allah because of our own transgression, or as a test in which case our reaction to it becomes the basis of Allah's Judgment.
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