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Is Hell Eternal?


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Ozcan
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« on: July 23, 2012, 04:51:30 pm »

Assalamu alaikum,

Do you think Hell is eternal for disbelievers and polytheists as pretty much all Muslims believe?

I hope I'm in the right section and that I'm not violating any rules by asking this question here  gdbi

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Ozcan
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« Reply #1 on: July 24, 2012, 06:20:09 am »

Has this been discussed before? Maybe I should browse the whole forum when I have more time.
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Zeynab
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« Reply #2 on: December 24, 2012, 04:38:08 pm »

Walaikum Salaam brother Ozcan.   So sorry for the very, very delayed response.  Somehow none of us got the notification.  Don't know why .. or we just missed it.

No, your question does not violate our rules.  

We have discussed briefly a similar topic with reference to Verses 11:106-108 of Surah Hud.  Our discussion was based on the Quranic expression "save for that which thy Lord willeth" occurring in these Verses.  The following is the link for that discussion in our forum.
http://muslimvilla.smfforfree.com/index.php?topic=1548.msg4440#msg4440

However, I'll discuss it again by taking up some additional points.  I first quote Verses 11:106-108 as follows:

"As for those who will be wretched (on that day) they will be in the Fire; sighing and wailing will be their portion therein,   (11:106)
Abiding there so long as the heavens and the earth endure save for that which thy Lord willeth. Lo! thy Lord is Doer of what He will.  (11:107)

And as for those who will be glad (that day) they will be in the Garden, abiding there so long as the heavens and the earth endure save for that which thy Lord willeth: a gift unfailing."  (11:108)


It's generally the underlined words that some readers, mostly the critics, either cannot understand or purposely use it for criticism claiming to be contradictory.  I don't agree with that.  

The expression ".. so long as the heavens and the earth endure" is quite obviously stated idiomatically to underscore the everlasting nature of existence of the dwellers of Paradise and Hell in the respective places.  It's true that when the Day of Judgement arrives, the earth will be destroyed.  But what we need to grasp is the term "earth" is referred metaphorically as we view the earth at present where many people take for granted that the earth's period of existence is too long to worry about.  

The expression "save for that which thy Lord willeth" is not meant to confirm the temporary existence in Hell or Paradise.  I think Allah has made it quite clear that the dwellers of both these places will live there permanently as a standard norm.  It's also been conveyed to us that both Paradise and Hell have various grades because righteous and unrighteous deeds of humans (and most likely also of jinn) have different degrees.  The underlined expression is a symbolic one indicating Allah's absolute power, emphasizing that everything happens in accordance with His decisions.  No power can save those who are destined to be tormented in Hell.  Allah has complete power to forgive anyone He pleases or to make changes in the duration or severity of torment concerning anyone He decides.  He makes all the laws and there is NO law higher than His laws and NOTHING that can ever limit His powers.  It's this aspect that's been conveyed in the underscored expression.

That's as much as I think these Verses imply.  Other than these, I don't know of any other Quranic Verse or Verses that can be mistakenly interpreted as Hell not being eternal.   For deriving conclusions concerning the various  Quranic assertions of all its contents, it's essential to have an overview of the entire Book from start to finish on every aspect.  Having said that, the Quran definitely conveys the information that as a standard norm, Hell is eternal.
 
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Heba E. Husseyn
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« Reply #3 on: December 31, 2012, 11:49:41 pm »

Also check Verse 3:24

"That is because they say: The Fire will not touch us save for a certain number of days. That which they used to invent hath deceived them regarding their religion."  (3:24)  Al-Imran.

Reference here is to the People of the Scripture (Jews & Christians) who would brag by presuming that the abode of Hell would be for a while.  Allah Almighty has clearly refuted their view as delusional and an invention of their own minds.  It again confirms Hell is eternal.
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