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Treaty Hudaybiyah


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Author Topic: Treaty Hudaybiyah  (Read 56 times)
niqabi
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« on: April 26, 2022, 09:34:31 am »
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Salam to you. 
Does Surah 48, Al-Fath, which means "victory" refer to the some battle between the Muslims and the disbelievers or does it refer to the treaty of Hudaybiyah as said by some Quran interpreters?   If Hudaybiyah, how exactly was this seen as a victory for Muslims?

Is Hudaybiyah treaty same as "pledge of the tree"?  Or does pledge of the tree the same as the pledges of Aqabah?

   
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Ruhi_Rose
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« Reply #1 on: April 26, 2022, 09:42:26 am »
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Walaykum Salam.    It refers to the Treaty of Hudaybiyah ( صلح الحديبية). 

 "Indeed! We have given you (O Muhammad) a clear victory,"   48:1  Al-Fath.
 
"Victory" in this Verse alludes to the success of this treaty which was a pivotal one proving to be a huge advantage in spreading the Word of Allah and calling people to the Truth.  The truce of the Treaty of Hudaybiyah led to much greater peace and security for the people than before.  It encouraged social interaction among various communities in Arabia.  During this period, the most talked about topic within all social circles was the Prophet's (pbuh) mission and the Truth of Monotheism.  In view of the situation in Makkah, it was a sensitive topic which many people were afraid to speak about openly prior to the treaty at Hudaybiyah.  But during a treaty prohibiting violence for a long period, the people felt safer and braver and talked freely to each other about Islam.  It is said that the number of people who came to Islam during these two years were much more than during several years prior to Hudaybiyah.  The Treaty of Hudaybiyah was attested and intended to be for a period of ten years. Unfortunately after two years it was broken when in Makkah and allied tribe of Quraysh attacked an allied tribe of the Muslims. 

Verses 48:18 and 48:24 are also references to the Treaty of Hudaybiyah.

"Allah was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance unto you beneath the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down peace of reassurance on them, and has rewarded them with a near victory;"  48:18 Al-Fath.

"And He it is Who has withheld men's hands from you, and has withheld your hands from them, in the valley of Mecca, after He had made you victors over them.  Allah is Seer of what you do."  48:24  Al-Fath.
 
Verse 48:24 mentions that in Hudaybiyah where the Treaty was agreed upon, The Almighty prevented Quraysh from perpetrating violence against the Muslims and thus diminished the need for the Muslims retaliate and fight back.


Hudaybiyah not the same as Pledge of the Tree  (often known as  بيعة الشجرة  or bayʻah ash-shajarah).   The latter pledge was made between the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers.  Though it was in Hudaybiyah, it's a different pledge when the Prophet (pbuh) and his comrades intended to visit the Kaa'ba at Makkah for pilgrimage in 6 A.H.  It was intended to be a very peaceful visit to Makkah only for the purpose of pilgrimage yet the Prophet and his followers were denied entry in Makkah by the idolaters of Quraysh who stood guard outside Makkah, ready to attack.  The Muslims learned about the very hostile stance of Quraysh before entering Makkah, at Hudaybiyah.  The Prophet (pbuh) and his companions stopped and camped at Hudaybiyah and sent Osman bin Affan as the Muslim envoy to negotiate with Quraysh .. to tell them that the Muslims did not intend war.  Soon after Osman left for Makkah, news spread that he was fatally attacked by Quraysh.  That's when the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers pledged to fight until death to avenge Osman's murder.  But soon they learned that Quraysh had detained Osman, and by the mercy of Allah Almighty, Osman was alive.  This is known as the Pledge of the Tree. 

Approximately around the 11th or 12th year of Prophethood, a small group of people (probably including a few from the Khazraj and Aws tribes of Medinah) who embraced Islam came to the Prophet (pbuh) to pledge their allegiance to him and to protect him in times of danger.  This pledge took place in the Mount of Aqabah, and is known as the First Pledge or Bayah of Aqabah.

A year later, a large group of a few hundreds of people including women came to meet the Prophet  (pbuh) from Medinah.  Approximately 70 of them were already Muslims while the rest eagerly wanted to know more about Islam.  On one of the nights of Tashreeq in Aqabah, the Prophet (pbuh) met this large group of people, spoke to them and recited Verses of the Quran.  All of them were so moved by the unprecedented splendor of the Noble Quran, they embraced Islam.  This is known as the Second Pledge of Aqabah.
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niqabi
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« Reply #2 on: April 26, 2022, 09:45:11 am »
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What is tashreeq please?
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« Reply #3 on: April 26, 2022, 09:47:01 am »
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Tashreeq includes the three days after Eid-al-Adha ....  11th, 12th and 13th days of the month of Dhul Hijjah.
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niqabi
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« Reply #4 on: April 26, 2022, 09:48:36 am »
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JazekAllah khair.   Thank very much.
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Faraz
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« Reply #5 on: April 27, 2022, 06:38:42 am »
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“And remember Allah during the appointed Days”  (2:203)

According to our teachers, these appointed or prescribed days refer to tashreeq days.  Is this right?
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« Reply #6 on: April 27, 2022, 08:12:26 am »
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There is no evidence in the Noble Quran that V.2:203 refers to days of tashreeq.  The "appointed" (or "prescribed") days refer to the total 10 days of Hajj.  That's for sure.  At most, one can interpret it as the 10 days of Hajj, and also inclusive of the 3 days that follow.   After all, the distribution of sacrificial meat to the poor and needy may prolong for 2 or 3 days after Hajj, that is, about 3 days after the 10th day of Hajj.  And 10th day of Hajj is traditionally named as Eid-al-Adha.   If you read the preceding Verses of Surah Al-Baqrah from 2:196-200, you will note that The Almighty is mentioning about the performance of Hajj in these Verses.  These are the days collectively referred to in V.2:203.  The same is also mentioned in Verse 22:28 quote "and mention the name of Allah on appointed days over the beast of cattle that He hath bestowed upon them. (22:28 Al-Hajj).  The explanation is the same as I've already stated.   Furthermore, "appointed days" in Verses 2:203 and 22:28 may likely also convey the information that animal sacrifice can be done on any of the 10 days of Hajj, contrary to the traditional practice of only 4 days of sacrifice starting from 10th day which is traditionally named Eid-al-Adha, 11th day, 12th day and 13th day.  It's important to know that the Noble Quran does not name the 10th day of Hajj as "Eid al-Adha."   This title came about from extra-Quranic sources.   

"Tashreeq" in Arabic literally means to dry something out in the sun.  It's simply the name given to the old method of food preservation.  Back in those days when people didn't have refrigerators, they would slice the meat, sprinkle it with salt and dry it in the sun (dehydrated meat).  This old process of dehydrating meat is called 'tashreeq.'  It has no further significance.
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Faraz
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« Reply #7 on: April 27, 2022, 08:21:22 am »
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Thank u very much.  Very useful details. 

Then how did concept of sacrificing a sheep came about?   

Does Quran mention animal sacrifice in connection with Hajj?
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« Reply #8 on: April 27, 2022, 08:28:51 am »
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Yes, the Noble Quran does mention about sacrificing animal in regard to Hajj.   For reference, please read Verses 22:28, 22:36-37 of Surah Al-Hajj.  Animal sacrifice in Eid al-Adha is in commemoration of the occasion when Allah Almighty tested Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh).  The narration of that event is comprehensively stated in the Noble Quran from Verses 37:101 to 110.   Verse 37:107 which states "And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice," refers to a sacrificial animal as replacement which could have been a goat or a sheep or a cow or camel ... only Allah knows best. 

Muslims can sacrifice any Halal animal such as sheep, goat, cow or camel.  It's likely that the idea of specifically sacrificing a sheep or a goat sprouted from hadith.  There are many hadith stories on sacrificing a goat or sheep.  Example, one hadith claims that the replacement was a goat which had grazed in Paradise.  Quote:  "Ibn Abbas (ra) said it was, 'A ram which had grazed in Paradise for forty years.'" (Source: Tabari).  Needless to say, such stories are not even worth considering.  Moreover, no secret, Tabari is one of the top-notch liars who has stirred enough trouble with his falsifications and Insh'Allah, The Almighty will deal with him on the Day of Judgement.

In Verse 22:36 the Noble Quran mentions on sacrificing camels.  In Verse 22:28 the Quran mentions about sacrificing cattle.  But but this does not imply that the sacrificial animal must only be camel or must only be cattle.  It simply means that camel and cattle are among the Halal animals we are permitted to sacrifice and eat as food.  Similarly sheep and goat are also among the Halal animals that can be consumed as food.
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Faraz
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« Reply #9 on: April 27, 2022, 08:33:30 am »
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I understand.  Thank u again.
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niqabi
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« Reply #10 on: May 24, 2022, 02:39:36 pm »
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Another question on Hudaybiyah.  I have heard that the Quran ordered an amendment in treaty ofHudaybiya.  What amendment was that?
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« Reply #11 on: May 24, 2022, 02:42:42 pm »
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One of the terms of the Treaty of Hudaybiyah signed in 6 AH between the Prophet (pbuh) and the Quraysh of Makkah was that anyone from Makkah who entered Madinah would be returned to the Quraish in Makkah but not vice-versa.  It was observed that there were many Muslim women in Makkah whose husbands were pagans, and they (the women) were arriving in Medinah as immigrants.  According to the order of The Almighty, those women who were found to be sincere Muslims were not to be returned to Makkah because believing women are not lawful for disbelieving men and vice-versa.  Reference V.60:10. 

"O ye who believe! When believing women come unto you as fugitives, examine them. Allah is Best Aware of their faith. Then, if ye know them for true believers, send them not back unto the disbelievers. They are not lawful for them (the disbelievers), nor are they (the disbelievers) lawful for them."   60:10   Al-Mumtahanah.


This Divine Commandment in V.60:10 marked a modification in the man-written treaty of Hudaybiyah and Muslims could no longer return believing women to Makkah who came to Medinah. 
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« Reply #12 on: May 24, 2022, 02:44:53 pm »
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Shukran for this information.
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