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Names of angels in the Quran


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Author Topic: Names of angels in the Quran  (Read 28 times)
armchair traveler
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« on: September 04, 2022, 07:02:53 pm »
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In your above Muslim Villa feature you mentioned that angels stated in the Quran are 4.  But in Islamic Q&A sites they say number of angels in the Quran are at least 7.   Can you give a clarification on that.

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Zainab_M
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« Reply #1 on: September 05, 2022, 12:14:25 pm »
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Salaam Alaikum, peace.   I think you didn’t read it carefully.  In our MV composition you posted, all relevant points have been stated explicitly.  We are focused on the names of angels specified in the Noble Quran.  There is a difference in the mention of angels (or malaika) and citing the names of angels. 

The names of angels stated by The Almighty in the Quran are only 4, not 7 nor any other number.   Those 4 angels are Jibreel, Mikaeel, Harut and Marut. 

"Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel and Michael! Then, indeed! Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers."  2:98.

 Jibreel is also mentioned in the Quran as Ruhul-Qudusi or Holy Spirit.  References of the Verses are carefully given in our MV post. 

There are Verses in the Noble Quran where Allah Almighty mentions the various tasks entrusted upon the angels but the names of those angels have not been stated. 

Traditional writings and stories like the Hadith and other superficial reflections of medieval writers like Ibn Kathir, Tabari etc. etc. have stated many contents which are either outright unauthentic/forged or a figment of their own imagination.  In some of these unreliable outlets names of angels are mentioned for performing their tasks.  While those tasks are stated in the Quran, the name of angels given by those sources are not confirmed in the Quran.   Sometimes it is the other way round, that is, the Noble Quran mentions only the specific name of an angel but not its exact assignment, the extra-Quranic writings mention the assignment of that angel as well.   E.g.  Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His messengers, and Gabriel and Michael!  Then, indeed! Allah (Himself) is an enemy to the disbelievers.  (2:98 Al-Baqrah).  This Verse has been explained in AskQuestionToUs as, quote:  “Mikaa’eel is the angel responsible for distribution of sustenance wherever Allah wishes. “Whoever is the enemy of Allah and His angels and His apostles and Jibreel and Meekaeel, so surely Allah is the enemy of the unbelievers.” (Surah al Baqara, 98)
Thus, as anyone can discern very easily, in V.2:98 The Almighty only mentions the name of another angel, Mikaeel along with Jibreel.  But the responsibilities of Mikaeel have not been described.  And this is the only Verse that states the name of Mikaeel.  Therefore only Allah Almighty knows the exact works of Mikaeel.  It’s not for us to make our own guesswork.

The same above mentioned website has claimed that the name of angel, Israfeel, is stated in Quran Verses 20:108 and 54:8 of Surah TaHa and Surah Al-Qamr, respectively.  I quote these two Verses as follows.  Do you see the name Israfeel anywhere here?

“On that day they follow the Caller who deceives not, and voices are hushed for the Beneficent, and you hear but a faint murmur.”  20:108.

“Hastening toward the Caller; the disbelievers say: This is a hard day.”  54:8.

The Arabic word in the Quran for “caller” is al-dai.  Some translators have also translated it as ‘summoner’ or ‘inviter.’  That’s okay.  However, the website I’ve mentioned above which has translated it as ‘inviter’ has put the name “Israfeel” in bracket after ‘inviter.’  This is a very wrong practice of translators because the Noble Quran gives us no reasons to presume that the “caller” is Israfeel.  It might be, but there is no confirmation and therefore we cannot indulge in presumptions.

We know that the angel of death comes to collect the soul when we are about to pass on to the next world.  It is also possible that there is more than one angel that come to take back the soul at this time.  Only Allah Almighty has the precise details.  But please enlighten me by sharing in which Verse of the Noble Quran does Allah state that the name of one of the angels of death is Azraeel as commonly claimed by extra-Quranic sources?

About the recording angels that record every bit of our deeds are referred in the Noble Quran as “Kiraman Katibin.” Ref.V.82:10-12. This too is a title not the names of the 2 angels.  “Kiraman” means honorable and “Katibin” means recorder.  Thus, Kiraman Katibin translates as honorable recorders.  It’s a title as a gesture of respect.   In regard to the recording angels,  V.50:18 mentions the expression “raqibun atidun.”  Some unthinking minds presume ‘raqib’ and ‘atid’ to be names of the recording angels.  That interpretation is wrong.  “raqibun atidun” is a description, the definition of which is “observer ready.”  In other words, the recording angels (kiraman katibin) are ready observers (raqibun atidun).

It is through unsupported concepts and presumptions as I have mentioned here, coming from exta-Quranic sources, that traditionalists jump to conclusions claiming that the Quran mentions the names of 7 or more angels.  It does not.  The Quran mentions only 4 angels by name.

I request you to please read our post, Names of angels in the Quran again.
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N. Truth Seeker
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« Reply #2 on: September 05, 2022, 01:11:29 pm »
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It must also be known that when traditional outlets and websites mention the source as “Quran and Hadith” or “Quran and Sunnah,” 90% of their contents are from extra-Quranic sources, not from the Quran.  Mentioning the name of the Quran is a tactic for non-perceptive readers for the purpose of acquiring credibility for non-Quranic contents by using the name of the Quran.  Most traditionalists have no qualms categorizing non-Quranic information under the title of the Quran.  For this reason it’s very important to be careful and discerning of what we read.   Don't go by the headings of articles.  Rather analyze the content you read to know its source.
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« Reply #3 on: September 05, 2022, 01:16:27 pm »
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That's very true brother TS.  A very significant point to add.  Thanks.
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« Reply #4 on: September 07, 2022, 02:58:18 am »
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the website I’ve mentioned above which has translated it as ‘inviter’ has put the name “Israfeel” in bracket after ‘inviter.’  This is a very wrong practice of translators because the Noble Quran gives us no reasons to presume that the “caller” is Israfeel.  


In all translations the translators write words in brackets to explain the sentences of the original ayats better, without brackets we will not understand the translation. If Arabic in translated to English word by word, some English words have to be written in brackets.
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Heba E. Husseyn
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« Reply #5 on: September 07, 2022, 03:14:48 am »
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In all translations the translators write words in brackets to explain the sentences of the original ayats better, without brackets we will not understand the translation. If Arabic in translated to English word by word, some English words have to be written in brackets.

If words are written in brackets for grammatical purposes and subsequently for better clarification of text, then it's okay.  She is not talking about that.  The issue cited here is not grammatical.  It's the unconfirmed content mentioned in bracket .. content that comes from non-Quranic sources being stated in bracket next to Quran Ayats.  That for sure is a very unethical habit of many translators.  It misinforms naive readers by mixing up authentic Quranic information with unconfirmed non-Quranic information.  Thus, use of translators' words in brackets should be to the minimal, only for grammatical clarification when required.
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